A Lesson in Rook Lifts || Morphy vs Löwenthal (1858)

Publicerades den 24 sep 2020
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This is the story of the birth of modern chess - when the possibilities of chess as an art, a science and a sport all converged.
The point of convergence was a young boy from Louisiana named Paul Morphy. At a time when America was seen as a backwoods nation with little cultural history and even less intellectual impetus, at a time when chess was considered the exclusive property of a few European countries, at a time when the game was played successfully by a handful of men wizened by years, Paul Morphy, in the brief span of 19 months and with seemingly little effort, defeated conclusively every player he met.
While today few non chess players even know his name, he was one of the most famous celebrities of his time and within the hallowed halls of the chess playing community he is considered by some as the greatest chess player of all time.
But this diminutive, unassuming boy rose to fame almost out of nowhere and once he secured his place in history, he retired back into that hazy unknown, shunning the public eye, never again to play serious chess. Not only was he one of great practitioners of the game, but also one of it's greatest enigmas. He's been given the sobriquet, The Pride and Sorrow of Chess.
Source: www.edochess.ca/batgirl/index.html
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Paul Morphy vs Johann Jacob Loewenthal
Morphy - Loewenthal (1858), London ENG, rd 10, Aug-??
French Defense: Exchange Variation (C01)
1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. ed5 ed5 4. Nf3 Nf6 5. Bd3 Bd6 6. O-O O-O 7. Nc3 c6 8. Bg5 h6 9. Bh4 Bg4 10. h3 Bf3 11. Qf3 Nbd7 12. Bf5 Qc7 13. Rae1 Rae8 14. Re3 Bf4 15. Re2 Re2 16. Ne2 Bd6 17. Bd7 Nd7 18. Ng3 Re8 19. Nf5 Nf8 20. Bg3 Bg3 21. fg3 Re4 22. c3 Nh7 23. h4 h5 24. c4 Nf6 25. Ng7 Ng4 26. Nh5 Rd4 27. Nf6 Nf6 28. Qf6 Rc4 29. Rf5 Rg4 30. Re5 Qc8 31. Re7 Qf8 32. Qe5 Qg7 33. Re8 Kh7 34. Qh5
Materials used in research:
Paul Morphy: Pride and Sorrow of Chess by David Lawson
The Genius Of Paul Morphy by Chris Ward
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  • your videos are beast!

  • Choyyayaaaaaa oi

  • Any comment on the Queens Gambit series on Netflix? They reference Morphy, was glad to see, but doesnt focus much on the actual moves of the game. Im still enjoying it tho...

  • Or ... Rook to h8, pick up the Queen at 12:31

  • Ah yes doubled pawns in front of the king. Good ol alphazero

  • That shirt though...

  • At the end where the scenario is kings and paws only, I'd swear it looks good for black. I don't get that.

  • At 10:10 why not bring the black pond down from F7 to F6?

    • ok I used a chess board editor. Morphy would be up a rook.

  • 10:13 f5 goes brrr

  • after Qh6 blocking check you wouldn't pick up the rook. you would play RH8+ and win the Queen.

  • Why do chess masters resign games ? Why not just go out on your shield?

  • I've always had a problem with nice rook lifts so I'm very grateful for this lesson.

  • Thanks for rook lift tips.

  • @agadmator I believe in last position Rh8+, Kxh8, Qxh6+ wins the queen for white. Better than picking up the rook.

  • Love this tutorial videos!!!!

  • last move qxr is inaccurate the move should have been rh8+ it either wins the q or makes qxq mate

  • 6:22 - why not knight to d4??

  • 12 31...after queen blocks check why can't we play rh8+ and win the queen instead of capturing the rook?

  • 12:32 wouldn't it be better for white to play Rh8 check and win the black queen?

  • Today I learned that the Knight belongs on the open file 😀

  • Not Qxg4 it will be Rh8 winning the queen

  • senewss.info/slow/qdGZebdyrczZetA/video

  • I think you should say instead "and this position will never be reached again" --- using your time machine to verify.

  • Thanks for the lift-analysis!

  • After re4 white could have played nd6

  • 9:58 Literally unplayable.

  • At the end of the game when Morphy played Qh5+ and Lowenthal had to play Qh6 to block, instead of playing Qxg4, he could’ve played Rh8+. King would’ve had to go either Kxh8 or Kg7, either of which would win the queen for Morphy.

  • Who is the person top right?

  • Will you ever award Morphy a Morphy head?

  • To strengthen the reason for saying “.. this position has never been reached again” would be the fact that you know that it hasn’t in today’s database, whereas if you were alive at the time of the game you would have more information on local pro games and perhaps that position had actually been reached but we just don’t have that information now. I love the way you cover the old games, just as instructive as todays 👍

  • Poor Lowenthal😥

  • Nice video. How come you often reach down towards the floorbin your videos and says "sorry about that"? What are you doing?

  • 10:13 How does White win the rook? Can't Black simply push the pawn, leaving the queen guarding the rook?

  • In the final position wouldn't Rh8+ be better? The king would have to capture the rook and then you win the queen.

  • In the end if you play rook to h8 you don't get a free queen?

  • #suggestion Erwin l'Ami vs Fabiano Caruana in the german Bundesliga.

  • i also agree with haven’t been reached again

  • "Sorry about that''is tradition?

  • By seeing your videos my game is improving day by day.... Great job bro...nice explanation...

  • hey guys, do you mind telling me in which video Antonio mentions about sending him quotes to use over the board?

  • 10:11(time) Black still has f5?(he does not win rook immediately) though buh d position is shattered 4 him

  • That deliberately “sorry about that “ is really very annoying

  • @agadmator, at the end, isn’t Rh8 winning the queen a better move than taking the rook?

  • 12:33 instead of Qxg4 I will lift my rook to h8 and win the Queen

  • One more reason for resigning is rook h8+ kxh8 and black loses its queen

  • how about "this is a completely old" position, for symmetry with "this is a completely new position"? :-)

  • rh8 wins the queen, so capturing on g4 would be a mistake

  • Lichess has changed there piece set color. I was using piece set like agadmator. But I am now so disappointed. They should have done "dark gray" colour instead of "dark black" for black pieces. Please do somthing agadmator. Request them to change this piece set. Please. Pure dark color is very irritating, I can't concentrate.

  • @5:26 There is an interesting reason that P-G5 does not work to trap the W bishop, for Black (N-F5).

  • Twas brillig, and the slithy toves did gyre and gimble in the wabe: all mimsy were the borogoves, and the mome raths outgrabe.

  • You can marry now

  • Why don't u create chess teaching videos?

  • #KnowledgeofChess

  • Keep these old games coming :D very fun

  • I like how you say 'this position has never been reached again'. It seems more accurate. Also, you're the best

  • I think rh8 also wins here 12:31

  • At last, positon where Lowenthal resigned Morphy can win the queen with Rh8+

  • 12:32 Other than capturing the rook you can also play Rook h8 check. If king captures it then just capture the queen. If king moves to g7,then Queen captures queen is checkmate. I just saw it so I told guys. :)

  • Hi! We really appreciate when you teach chess during your videos, especially if it is in a saga! Thanks!

  • Agdamator i reached this position as black on 15th move buyvojly the difference is my opponent did not play for the open file.anf i won the game.

  • Okay so I, as a native English speaker, agree with on using "This position has never been reached again" as opposed to your usual "A completely new game" when you describe historic games... however I am curious as to what you mean by "earthly"? That is not an expression that makes sense in English. I have to imagine that "earthly" translates to something in your native tongue.

  • After watching your vedios now I am 1200 + rated in chess 😎😎

  • Deep Morphy , it's so wonderful to see his amazing Gift of Chess Mastery, Knight to G7. There is something magical to his wizardry of the rook sacrifice.

  • While Morphy was a genius, we shouldn't always attribute his rare mistakes to 'playing fast' or 'not caring' - occasionally even Morphy could just make a plain old mistake.

    • He was very prideful, though, and he did see himself as better than others. It wouldn't be crazy for him to be petty and intentionally try less/play lazily against people he considers worse than him.

  • Carlsen vs billgates

  • "So here white plays g4, prevents black from playing f5, and the king pawn endgame is winning for white." -Radić, Antonio

  • Dude his voice is soothing I can watch chess videos on his channel everyday.

  • Losing 8-2? Ah, Löwenthal is having the Barcelona special, I see

  • One day a computer will invent the Best Opening Ever and Agad will have to say, "And it is as of move 13 that this position has always been reached again."

  • 10:11 Black can play Qb6 with check, then next move Qxb2 defending the rook. Am I missing something?

  • I hope the next big saga will be Alekhine because he's the one who popularized modern chess strategy, I want his great knowledge in modern chess strategy in rule independence,unlimited possibilities against Capablanca's classical chess where he mainly based on principle and rules, and his limited possibilities.

  • 12:31 more importantly, Rh8+ wins the queen. If Kxh8, Qxh6+ or if you don't capture and go Kg7, Qxh6#

  • * you find your wife with a black man comin back home early * Antonio: of course this is a terrible blunder, white here loses immediately feel free to pause the video and sorry 'bout dat *sounds of capture capture *

  • Uplifting video

  • Every second comment is like "Rh8 wins the queen!", but as Agadmator often says, "Morphy was an artist not a butcher.". He would often look for the cleverest ways to win, and not always go for the brutal obvious.

  • Agadmethor full mode from 3:28

  • Actually in the last position instead of winning the rook u can win the queen by playing rook to h8 giving check and forcing him either capturing the rook or going to g7

  • Correct me if I'm wrong but the point is that it is impossible to say at what point these 150 year old games were 'new', since adequate records from those days are difficult to find and I imagine many, many games were new at move 6 or 7 as theory was still in its infancy.

  • For everybody wondering why Agadmator did not cover Rh8+ at the end, it's probably because Qxg4 is simply a better move. Black will have to trade queens immediately to avoid checkmate, and Rook vs. pawns is a much better endgame than Queen vs. Rook.

  • 12:32, once the black queen blocks, you can go Rook H8 with check, if King takes, white Queen takes Queen, and if he moves to G7, then White Rook takes Queen 💀

  • Does Morphy ever play something other than e4?

    • It's no coincidence that Bobby Fischer was a big fan of Morphy. e4 bros

  • Morphy is a guy a friend I wish i had!! More of #morphysaga please.. hvala 😉

  • Wow something to learn every day! Thanks agadmator!

  • What do you always reach down for at the beginning of many of your videos?

  • Love the Morphy Saga. The good stuffs rocks.

  • Thanks for the rook lift info💪you should throw in more tips like these in your videos. Amazing work keep it up man❤

  • 3:40 Agad should make a video decked out in 1858 clothing & background stylized of the era for Halloween then he can say “we have a completely new game” so it would make perfect sense & it would also shut up the people who don’t like the “never been reached again” phrase lol

  • I wonder if during the middle âge people where playing chess, the interesting game that we will never ear or.

  • Why does he always say "sorry about that" in the beginning of every video? Am i missing something?

  • 10:11 doesn’t pushing f6 prevent the mate?

  • 12:32 but you can capture the queen if rock to h8

  • 12:30, even better than Qxg4 is Rh8, winning the queen.

  • 12:33 rh8+ is a stronger idea, picking up the queen

  • Also, after 34. Qh5+ Qh6, Morphy had 35. Rh8+ winning the queen. Just thought I'd throw that in there.

  • For some reason I thought the chess manga will be about Capablanca or something like that; not a post-apocalyptic scifi. Well, let's wait a few more days and get into it

  • I suffer the same fate. Spend a few minutes thinking about a plan, and then get distracted and play the 2nd move completely different

  • I think it's better if you say "as of move x, it is a completely unique game" or "no other game in the database reached this position". The way you're saying it makes it sound like it was reached often before; or, for newer games, it was reached after that.

  • "It's like he completely forgot what was happening." I wonder if the long time formats maybe had something to do with this.

  • Take a look at SO vs MVL game 2 on chess24's banter blitz cup. Insane stuff until the end. #suggestion

  • I've played the exchange french hundreds of times as black and almost always H6 is a waste of a move and weakens your king for nothing